Найдена неожиданная причина, по которой мужчины тяжелее женщин переносят простуду

Найдена неожиданная причина, по которой мужчины тяжелее женщин переносят простуду

Миф об их «впечатлительности» оказался развеян

Найдена неожиданная причина, по которой мужчины тяжелее женщин переносят простуду

Тот факт, что мужчины часто тяжелее переносят респираторные инфекции, чем женщины, был замечен давно — неофициальный термин мужской грипп» (man flu) даже был включён в Оксфордский словарь. Тем не менее, довольно популярной оставалась версия, что ключевую роль в этом может играть нехарактерная для других аспектов жизни «впечатлительность», заставляющая мужчин, испытывающих те же симптомы, что и женщины, попросту придавать им большее значение.

Кайл Сью решил проверить, действительно ли причиной «мужского гриппа» является самовнушение. Для этого он изучил проводившееся в 1993 году исследование и обнаружил данные, которые, на первый взгляд, могут служить доказательством данного предположения. В ходе исследования добровольцы-мужчины чаще женщин «переоценивали» тяжесть собственных симптомов простуды по сравнению с наблюдаемыми, чем женщины. Тем не менее, дальнейшая работа показала, что списать этот результат исключительно на мнительность мужчин было бы ошибкой — как показывает статистика, представители сильного пола действительно чаще страдают от осложнений респираторных заболеваний.

Учёный склонен объяснять это тем, что «женский» гормон эстроген укрепляет иммунную систему и позволяет ей эффективнее противостоять простудным инфекциям, в то время как «мужской» тестостерон может иметь противоположный эффект. В пользу этого, как утверждает Кайл Сью, свидетельствуют и результаты некоторых экспериментов на животных.

Исследователь предполагает, что с эволюционной точки зрения большая подверженность самцов инфекциям может объясняться тем, что в дикой природе они, в любом случае, имеют большие шансы погибнуть от травм, чем от простуды, поэтому тестостерон «направляет» силы организма именно на способность противостоять врагам.

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Источник: mk.ru

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