Расшифровать послание к Богу помогли космические технологии

Расшифровать послание к Богу помогли космические технологии

Древнейшая славянская запись рождественского богослужебного канона и других церковных служб вновь обретена благодаря космическим технологиям

Расшифровать послание к Богу помогли космические технологии

Как сообщили «МК» в ИКИ РАН, одна из древнейших записей хранится в Государственном историческом музее на Красной площади. Она уникальна не только своею древностью, но и использованием при ее создании (вероятно, в Болгарии в XI веке) первой славянской азбуки — глаголицы. Фрагмент этой древней рукописи, выполненной на пергаменте (материале для письма из недубленой кожи животных), был обнаружен исследователями еще в прошлом веке, однако прочесть его было невозможно. Дело в том, что текст был смыт в конце XIV века для вторичного использования пергамента.

Чтобы прочесть то, что было смыто, ученые ИКИ РАН и Государственного исторического музея и применили необычные методы. В частности, мультиспектральный анализ, основанный на том, что разные материалы по-разному поглощают и излучают падающий на них свет. Таким образом ученые обнаружили различные по химическому составу чернила, разную силу нажима на перо разными писцами. Полученные материалы были оцифрованы и подвергнуты программной обработке.

В результате мультиспектральной съемки были обследованы все 8 листов, на которых предполагалось найти древние записи. Лучше всего сохранились последние четыре из них. На них сотрудники ГИМ и нашли древнейший список славянской богослужебной минеи — книги, содержащей текст служб к праздникам и дням святых на каждую дату года. Им удалось разобрать отрывок канона на Рождество Христово, отмечавшееся нашими предками 25 декабря, стихиры и канон святому Иоанну Златоусту (13 ноября), стихиры Архангелу Михаилу (8 ноября). Это единственный такой список, сохранившийся на глаголице. Цель ученых — полное прочтение памятника старины, что станет событием в мировой славистике.

Источник: mk.ru

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