Роскосмос участвует в создании «ворот в дальний космос»

Роскосмос участвует в создании «ворот в дальний космос»

Освоение Вселенной начнется с Луны

Роскосмос участвует в создании «ворот в дальний космос»

Роскосмос становится полноправным участником проекта. Привнеся свои технологии, Россия может создать от одного до трех космических модулей станции. Возможны и другие способы участия, в частности — использование наших транспортных систем для доставки на станцию грузов. Участие в проекте могут принять и другие страны.

Генеральный директор Роскосмоса Игорь Комаров сообщил, что уже известны сроки первых запусков в рамках проекта: «Мы договорились, что будем совместно участвовать в проекте создания новой международной окололунной станции Deep Space Gateway. На первом этапе будем строить орбитальную часть с дальнейшей перспективой применения отработанных технологий на поверхности Луны и впоследствии — Марса. Вывод первых модулей возможен в 2024–2026 годах».

И уже в 2018 году должен быть определен технический облик и участие каждой страны в проекте окололунной станции. А в 2023 году США планируют запустить на орбиту Луны свой корабль Orion вместе с двигательно-энергетическим модулем, который будет обеспечивать станцию энергией в 40 киловатт, вырабатываемой солнечными панелями. Позднее, в 2024 и 2025 годах, к кораблю пристыкуют два жилых модуля. Российский шлюзовой модуль для выхода в открытый космос будет создан на основе модулей «Пирс» и «Узловой», используемых сейчас на МКС. Но он будет спроектирован под новые унифицированные стандарты — по напряжению в электросети и интерфейсам систем. В российском плане-графике его запуск стоит в 2026 году.

Для полноценного сотрудничества по новой станции стороны должны прийти к общим стандартам. Поэтому партнеры договорились разработать международные технические стандарты, которые будут использоваться в дальнейшем и другими странами, присоединяющимися к проекту. Роскосмос и NASA уже пришли к взаимопониманию по стандартам стыковочного узла будущей станции. С учетом серьезного отечественного опыта по разработке стыковочных узлов, эти элементы лунной станции будут созданы на основе российских разработок — так же, как и стандарты систем жизнеобеспечения. И эти стандарты помогут в дальнейшем при создании новой космической техники и будут способствовать привлечению в проект большего числа партнеров.

Главная роль в создании шлюзового модуля Deep Space Gateway для выходов в открытый космос и разработки международного стандарта стыковочного узла принадлежит одному из головных предприятий Роскосмоса — РКК «Энергия», которое является одним из самых компетентных в мире разработчиков ракетно-космической техники — ракет-носителей, спутников, автоматических межпланетных станций, пилотируемых космических кораблей, пилотируемых орбитальных станций и их модулей. Колоссальный опыт РКК «Энергия» в разработке и модернизации пилотируемых и грузовых кораблей станет основой для унификации будущей станции.

РКК «Энергия» сейчас разрабатывает и производит новый пилотируемый транспортный космический корабль «Федерация», который в специальном оснащении (его масса вырастет до 20 тонн) станет частью российской лунной программы. Впрочем, это не исключает возможность использования «Федерации» и в программах нового российско-американского проекта.

Роскосмос уверен, что сотрудничество по Deep Space Gateway может развиваться и принимать разные формы. Исполнительный директор по пилотируемым программам Роскосмоса Сергей Крикалев считает, что в перспективе возможен вклад и других российских технологий в лунную орбитальную станцию: «Пока речь идет об участии России в создании шлюзового модуля. Но в дальнейшем возможно также и использование нашей транспортной системы — ракет-носителей и космических кораблей, участие российских автоматических аппаратов серии «Луна» в выборе мест высадки человека на поверхность».

По словам Крикалева, наряду с американской ракетой SLS при отправке на лунную орбиту могут быть задействованы проверенная РН «Протон-М», а также новая «Ангара-А5М». Если первый отечественный носитель давно и хорошо известен российским и иностранным потребителям пусковых услуг, то с «Ангарой» мировому рынку еще предстоит познакомиться. Ее разработкой занимается ГКНПЦ им. Хруничева. Ракета создается на базе прототипа — «Ангары-А5», но с максимальным сохранением основных конструкторских решений, путем реализации доработок, значительно повышающих технико-экономические характеристики. В ней будут применены новые универсальные ракетные модули (УРМ-1М) с модернизированным двигателем — РД-191М. Эта ракета-носитель также может быть использована для доставки шлюзового модуля на лунную станцию в 2026 году.

Да, новый масштабный проект — это новые расходы, и партнеры по Deep Space Gateway сходятся в общем мнении: устремляясь к Луне, при этом уходить с низкой околоземной орбиты нецелесообразно. МКС дает много полезной информации, поэтому все больше стран заинтересованы в работе на орбите Земли.

— Исследования на низкой околоземной орбите должны продолжаться, — согласен Сергей Крикалев. — У нас есть международная лаборатория, где продолжаются работы и исследования, мы получаем новые данные. В нынешнем виде станция просуществует до 2024 года. Но и потом она должна продолжить существование. Будет ли это один свободнолетающий модуль, посещаемый или постоянно обитаемый — это обсуждается, — говорит представитель Роскосмоса.

Роскосмос системно меняет ракетно-космическую отрасль, используются новые подходы, современные принципы управления, улучшается качество продукции, появляются первые проекты государственно-частного партнерства. Госкорпорация занимается коммерциализацией — в том числе и коммерческими экспериментами на МКС. Космос должен служить людям — здесь и сейчас. И сотрудничество в создании новый лунной станции — это реальный стимул и уникальные возможности для отечественных предприятий. Очевидно, необходимо идти вперед, удешевлять доступ в космос, создавать системы с длительным сроком эксплуатации и минимальным обслуживанием и делать космос доступнее и безопаснее. Тогда «ворота в дальний космос» будут всегда открыты.

СПРАВКА: Станция будет располагаться на высокоэллиптической лунной орбите с высотой в апогее 70 тыс. километров от Луны. На первом этапе обсуждались разные варианты, в том числе строительство станции на низкой окололунной орбите. И было выбрано то, что предоставляет больше вариантов исследования дальнего космоса, сохраняя возможность высадки людей на поверхность Луны. Длительность экспедиций может составить от 30 до 360 суток, а полеты к станции будут проводиться раз в год.

Источник: mk.ru

80 комментариев

На 68-м Международном астронавтическом конгрессе в Аделаиде Роскосмос и NASA подписали совместное заявление о сотрудничестве в области исследования и освоения дальнего космоса. Речь идет о создании новой космической станции Deep Space Gateway на высокоэллиптической орбите Луны. Эта станция станет для человечества воротами в дальний космос.

Thanks for another magnificent article. Where else could anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m on the look for such information.

I was suggested this web site by my cousin. I’m now not positive whether this put up is written through him as no one else recognize such special about my problem. You’re wonderful! Thank you!

Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let
you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly.
I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.

This is really interesting, You are an overly skilled blogger.
I’ve joined your rss feed and sit up for in the hunt for extra of your magnificent post.
Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social networks

I¦ll immediately snatch your rss feed as I can’t find your e-mail subscription hyperlink or newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please permit me recognise in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

I definitely wanted to write a brief message in order to appreciate you for some of the magnificent tricks you are giving on this site. My time intensive internet look up has now been paid with beneficial suggestions to exchange with my family members. I ‘d assume that we readers are really lucky to exist in a very good website with very many marvellous individuals with very beneficial solutions. I feel very fortunate to have encountered your weblog and look forward to many more entertaining minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.

It is perfect time to make a few plans for the future and it is time to
be happy. I’ve learn this publish and if I may I desire to recommend
you some fascinating issues or suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles regarding this article.
I desire to learn more issues about it!

I wanted to create you one tiny remark to be able to say thank you as before for those lovely information you have discussed on this website. This has been incredibly open-handed of people like you to convey freely all a lot of people would’ve advertised as an e-book in order to make some cash on their own, principally now that you could have tried it in case you desired. The points in addition served to be the great way to fully grasp the rest have the identical eagerness much like my very own to grasp a good deal more related to this condition. I am sure there are many more pleasurable sessions ahead for folks who read carefully your blog.

Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the images on this blog loading? I’m trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it’s the blog. Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

I wanted to post you one little remark to finally thank you very much as before on the striking tricks you have contributed on this site. It is so extremely open-handed with people like you in giving openly exactly what a number of people might have offered as an e-book to help make some profit on their own, certainly seeing that you might well have done it if you ever wanted. Those advice in addition served to provide a great way to recognize that other individuals have the identical eagerness just as my very own to know the truth a great deal more with respect to this matter. I think there are several more enjoyable periods ahead for those who take a look at your website.

I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again here
frequently. I am quite sure I’ll learn plenty of new stuff right here!
Best of luck for the next!

I want to express appreciation to you for rescuing me from this particular circumstance. Because of surfing around through the world-wide-web and getting opinions that were not pleasant, I assumed my entire life was over. Being alive devoid of the approaches to the difficulties you’ve sorted out as a result of your review is a critical case, and those which could have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn’t discovered your blog. Your primary capability and kindness in touching the whole thing was crucial. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t come upon such a subject like this. It’s possible to at this moment look forward to my future. Thank you so much for this reliable and amazing help. I won’t think twice to endorse your web page to any person who needs to have assistance on this problem.

Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog. You have some really good posts and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an e-mail if interested. Many thanks!

Thanks for some other wonderful article. The place else could anybody get that type of info in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the search for such information.

I simply desired to say thanks all over again. I do not know what I would’ve done without the actual strategies shown by you over such subject. It became a very daunting dilemma for me, however , taking note of this professional avenue you managed that forced me to jump for fulfillment. Now i’m happy for this advice as well as expect you know what an amazing job you have been accomplishing training others all through your site. Probably you have never encountered any of us.

I’m extremely inspired along with your writing talents
as neatly as with the structure for your weblog.
Is that this a paid topic or did you modify it your self?
Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon to see a great
weblog like this one today..

I am extremely impressed together with your writing talents and also with the layout for your blog. Is this a paid subject matter or did you customize it yourself? Either way stay up the nice high quality writing, it’s uncommon to see a nice blog like this one today..

certainly like your website however you need to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling problems and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the truth on the other hand I’ll certainly come back again.

Hey would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with?
I’m going to start my own blog soon but I’m having a
hard time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something unique.
P.S My apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

I must voice my passion for your kind-heartedness giving support to men and women that require guidance on this one matter. Your real commitment to getting the solution all around had become especially insightful and have specifically allowed many people just like me to achieve their objectives. This warm and helpful hints and tips implies this much to me and extremely more to my peers. Regards; from all of us.

Howdy would you mind stating which blog platform you’re working with? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal. The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique. P.S Sorry for getting off-topic but I had to ask!

Needed to compose you that tiny word to finally thank you very much over again for those great information you have provided in this article. It was particularly open-handed with people like you giving without restraint what many people could possibly have offered for sale for an ebook to earn some dough for themselves, most importantly considering the fact that you might well have done it if you ever desired. These techniques additionally worked like a fantastic way to be sure that the rest have the same interest the same as my very own to figure out way more when it comes to this condition. I believe there are several more pleasurable periods ahead for people who read through your site.

I happen to be commenting to let you be aware of of the wonderful discovery my cousin’s daughter encountered reading through your web page. She mastered a wide variety of things, which included what it is like to possess a marvelous teaching character to let many people with ease learn about certain extremely tough issues. You undoubtedly surpassed her expectations. Many thanks for coming up with the necessary, healthy, educational and also cool thoughts on your topic to Mary.

I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not positive whether this put up is written by way of him as no one else know such designated approximately my problem. You’re incredible! Thank you!

I simply wanted to appreciate you once more. I do not know what I would’ve taken care of in the absence of the actual ideas shown by you regarding this concern. It actually was an absolute intimidating setting in my view, but coming across the well-written strategy you processed the issue made me to leap over fulfillment. Now i am thankful for your guidance and then hope you are aware of a great job that you are carrying out training the rest through a site. I am sure you have never met any of us.

First of all I want to say superb blog! I had a quick question that
I’d like to ask if you don’t mind. I was curious to know how you
center yourself and clear your thoughts before writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my ideas out.
I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10
to 15 minutes are lost simply just trying to figure out
how to begin. Any suggestions or hints? Kudos!

I simply wanted to thank you very much yet again. I’m not certain the things I could possibly have accomplished without the ideas shared by you on such industry. It was the depressing problem for me personally, but understanding this expert approach you solved it made me to leap for joy. Now i’m thankful for your service and as well , expect you are aware of a powerful job you are undertaking educating some other people using a site. Probably you’ve never encountered all of us.

of course like your web-site but you have to check the spelling on several of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I find it very troublesome to tell the truth nevertheless I will surely come back again.

I would like to convey my affection for your generosity supporting women who really need assistance with this one theme. Your real commitment to getting the message all-around appeared to be extremely interesting and have constantly encouraged associates just like me to get to their aims. Your interesting recommendations indicates so much a person like me and even further to my mates. Best wishes; from each one of us.

Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related information ended up being truly easy to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it in the least. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, site theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

Hi there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same results.

I precisely had to appreciate you again. I am not sure the things that I would’ve used without these tricks documented by you concerning my theme. It actually was the intimidating issue in my position, but witnessing a new expert manner you treated the issue forced me to leap with gladness. Extremely grateful for your support and thus sincerely hope you comprehend what an amazing job that you’re getting into training many others through your blog. Most likely you have never met all of us.

obviously like your website however you need to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the truth then again I¦ll certainly come back again.

My spouse and i got absolutely thrilled Ervin managed to complete his researching through the entire precious recommendations he came across out of the web pages. It is now and again perplexing to just possibly be releasing secrets and techniques which most people could have been trying to sell. And we also see we’ve got the website owner to thank for that. The most important explanations you have made, the easy web site navigation, the relationships you make it easier to promote — it is most incredible, and it’s really letting our son and us understand this subject matter is cool, which is really mandatory. Many thanks for all the pieces!

Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your blog in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some
overlapping. I just wanted to give you a
quick heads up! Other then that, great blog!

I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i am happy to convey that I’ve a very just right uncanny feeling I came upon just what I needed. I most certainly will make sure to don¦t disregard this site and provides it a glance regularly.

Good post. I study something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It is going to at all times be stimulating to learn content material from other writers and practice slightly one thing from their store. I’d prefer to make use of some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll provide you with a hyperlink in your net blog. Thanks for sharing.

I in addition to my buddies were actually reading through the best pointers located on your site and the sudden got a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the site owner for those secrets. The people were definitely absolutely thrilled to study all of them and already have actually been tapping into them. Appreciate your being well helpful and then for picking this form of amazing useful guides millions of individuals are really desperate to learn about. My personal honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

You actually make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something that I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

There are some interesting cut-off dates in this article however I don抰 know if I see all of them heart to heart. There may be some validity however I’ll take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want extra! Added to FeedBurner as properly

I enjoy you because of your own work on this website. Ellie loves carrying out investigations and it is simple to grasp why. Almost all know all about the compelling medium you render reliable ideas by means of this web site and in addition strongly encourage response from people on the article while our favorite simple princess is becoming educated a lot of things. Enjoy the rest of the year. You’re conducting a wonderful job.

I’ve been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours today, but I never found any attention-grabbing article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the internet shall be much more helpful than ever before.

I wish to convey my respect for your kindness in support of those people that have the need for help on that area of interest. Your special commitment to getting the message along has been unbelievably practical and have in every case permitted those like me to realize their ambitions. Your amazing valuable tutorial means much to me and additionally to my peers. With thanks; from each one of us.

I enjoy you because of your own efforts on this website. My aunt really loves managing research and it is simple to grasp why. Many of us notice all regarding the lively medium you convey informative ideas by means of your web blog and increase contribution from others on that concern then our own princess is always being taught so much. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the year. Your doing a good job.

I happen to be writing to make you know of the exceptional encounter my friend’s daughter experienced studying your web page. She mastered too many issues, most notably what it is like to possess an excellent coaching spirit to have men and women clearly understand some specialized matters. You actually did more than her expectations. Many thanks for producing such practical, healthy, edifying and even cool thoughts on this topic to Sandra.

I do agree with all of the ideas you’ve presented in your post. They’re very convincing and will definitely work. Still, the posts are too short for newbies. Could you please extend them a little from next time? Thanks for the post.

Добавить комментарий

*