Россияне стали меньше пить из-за нехватки денег: найдена замена

Россияне стали меньше пить из-за нехватки денег: найдена замена

Потребление легального алкоголя уменьшилось, а суррогата — увеличилось

Россияне стали меньше пить из-за нехватки денег: найдена замена
фото: Михаил Ковалев

«Снижение потребления алкоголя считается результатом форсированного роста акцизов на алкогольную продукцию, централизации ее производства и сдвига предпочтений молодого поколения в пользу пива и слабоалкогольной продукции», — объясняют причину «отрезвления» россиян исследователи РАНХиГС. Они отметили, что в период экономического спада 2008-2012 годов потребление алкоголя также снижалось и проводят аналогию с сложившейся на сегодня ситуацией, когда после кризиса 2014-2016 годов упали реальные доходы населения, а цены на алкоголь при этом росли: только за последний год они повысились на 2,5%.

Впрочем, как выяснили в РАНХиГС, снижение объемов распития горячительных напитков, на которые у россиян не хватает денег, обернулось уменьшением смертности из-за алкогольного отравления: в 2017 году по этой причине в России умерло 6789 человек, это на 1494 человек или 18% меньше, чем в 2016 году.

В то же время, глава Центра исследований федерального и региональных рынков алкоголя (ЦИФРРА) Вадим Дробиз убежден, что на самом деле употреблять спиртное жители страны меньше не стали: вместо легальной продукции, которая учитывается Росстатом, россияне пьют контрафакт. «Суррогаты продаются в 2-4 раза дешевле в нелегальной рознице и за последние 5-10 произошел огромный переток потребителей на такую продукцию, хотя небольшое снижение потребления алкоголя все же фиксируется. В основном, за счет рынка пива: его стали меньше пить, но только из-за того, что за последние годы из-за демографической ямы в стране существенно сократилось количество молодежи — основных потребителей «пенного», — говорит эксперт.

Объемы продаж алкоголя в млн декалитров

             2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Водка   153   134   112   97,2  96,6 86,7

Коньяки 12,4 12,1 11,5 10,6 10,3 10,4

Вино      61,8 60,2 57,8 53,6 51,9 50,3

Пиво     1018 984 896    810 781  686


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Источник: mk.ru

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