Россию ожидает череда природных катастроф, заявили метеорологи

Россию ожидает череда природных катастроф, заявили метеорологи

Каждый год их может происходить примерно на 16 больше, чем в предыдущий

Россию ожидает череда природных катастроф, заявили метеорологи

Проанализировав ситуацию за четверть века в России и мире, учёные пришли к выводу, что на протяжении этого периода неуклонно росло как число опасных природных явлений, так и количество крупных техногенных катастроф. За 20 лет их жертвами стали более трех миллионов человек во многих странах мира, а более 800 миллионов человек пострадали. Как сообщается, риски чрезвычайных ситуаций возникают в процессе глобального изменения климата и хозяйственной деятельности. Специалисты заявляют, что между ростом среднемировой температуры и увеличением количества опасных гидрометеорологических явлений, судя по всему, существует взаимосвязь. Помимо прочего, эксперты обратили внимание на то, что более 70 процентов наиболее опасных погодных явлений приходятся на период с апреля по октябрь, то есть на тёплую половину года.

На сегодняшний день около 60 процентов россиян, то есть более 90 миллионов человек, проживают в зонах возможного воздействия поражающих факторов при авариях на критически важных и потенциально опасных объектах.

Прирост числа крупных чрезвычайных ситуаций, по прогнозу специалистов, может достигнуть 16 в год. Потенциальный годовой экономический ущерб от таких чрезвычайных ситуаций оценивается специалистами в 675-900 миллиардов рублей. Что составляет от полутора до двух процентов процентов валового внутреннего продукта

Недавно другие учёные также затронули тему изменения климата — они обратили внимание на то, что в Арктике зафиксирована нехарактерная для данного времени года «оттепель».

Получайте короткую вечернюю рассылку лучшего в «МК» — подпишитесь на наш Telegram.

Источник: mk.ru

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