Эксперты прокомментировали успех Маска: молодец, но до Марса не долетит

Эксперты прокомментировали успех Маска: молодец, но до Марса не долетит

Виталий Лопота: «Наша «Энергия» была мощнее его ракеты»

Эксперты прокомментировали успех Маска: молодец, но до Марса не долетит
фото: ru.wikipedia.org

Прокомментировать запуск Falcon Heavy «МК» попросил экс-президента РКК «Энергия» Виталия Лопоту:

— Что я могу сказать? Маск — молодец. Его можно поздравить с успешным запуском самой тяжелой ракеты за последние 30 лет и возвращением двух ее ступеней из трех (последнюю он все-таки потерял). Ему удалось выжать максимум из той техники, что у него была, но все-таки не получилось создать ракету, превышающую по мощности нашу, сделанную в СССР, на королевском предприятии, ракету-носитель «Энергия». Та могла выводить в космос до 100 с лишним тонн груза, в то время как у Маска заявлено только 64 тонны. Двигатели у нашей ракеты были также на порядок более мощными — 800-тонные по сравнению с 400-тонными у Falcon Heavy. (РН «Энергия» стартовала два раза, и оба успешно, в 1987 и 1988 годах. — Авт.).

К сожалению, нашу программу вскоре закрыл Михаил Горбачев, чего никак нельзя было делать. Самая мощная в мире ракета-носитель «Энергия» давала нам массу конкурентных преимуществ, ведь эффективность полезного груза (это отношение массы груза к стартовой массе ракеты) на «Энергии» была больше 4 процентов, у Маска, я думаю, она сегодня, спустя 30 лет, на процент меньше. С «Сатурном», с которым американцы осуществили высадку людей на Луну, «Энергию» тоже нельзя сравнивать — она была мощнее. Сейчас Россия строит «Союз-5», а затем на его основе — сверхтяжелую ракету, в которой, я надеюсь, будут учтены все эволюционные преимущества РН «Энергии».

Читайте материалы: Маск отправил «Теслу» на Falcon Heavy на миллионы лет в космос

Tesla в космосе: соцсети делают мемы про Маска и плачут по России

Получайте короткую вечернюю рассылку лучшего в «МК» — подпишитесь на наш Telegram.

Источник: mk.ru

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