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This imprecision (and inaccuracy) is transferred to the secondary minerals used daily by the Ar age equation will become continually more refined allowing much more accurate and precise ages to be determined.Because the J value is extrapolated from a standard to an unknown, the accuracy and precision on that J value is critical.

J value uncertainty can be minimized by constraining the geometry of the standard relative to the unknown, both vertically and horizontally.

The NMGRL does this by irradiating samples in machined aluminum disks where standards and unknowns alternate every other position.

This flux is known as the 'J' and can be determined by the following equation: As the table above illustrates, several "undesirable" reactions occur on isotopes present within every geologic sample.

These reactor produced isotopes of argon must be corrected for in order to determine an accurate age.

Step-heating is the most common way and involves either a furnace or a laser to uniformily heat the sample to evolve argon.