1999 - Arena candidate Francisco Flores beats former guerrilla Facundo Guardado in presidential election.
1540 - Indigenous resistance finally crushed and El Salvador becomes a Spanish colony. Conflict ensues over territory's incorporation into Mexican empire under Creole general Agustin de Iturbide.
1823 - El Salvador becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which also includes Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
1969 - El Salvador attacks and fights a brief war with Honduras following the eviction of thousands of Salvadoran illegal immigrants from Honduras.
1977 - Guerrilla activities by the left-wing Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) intensify amid reports of increased human rights violations by government troops and death squads; General Carlos Romero elected president.
Funes elected2009 March - Former Marxist rebel Mauricio Funes of the FMLN party wins presidential elections, marking the first time in two decades that a leftist president has been voted in. 2010 June - Fourteen people killed in two attacks by suspected gang members on public buses in capital, San Salvador, on the same day.