Research shows that children who are bullied online are often also bullied in person.This means that effectively dealing with online bullying means looking at other situations as well. Direct bullying occurs between the people involved, whereas indirect actions involve others, for example passing on insults or spreading rumours.
This type of bullying is often unacknowledged at school, and can include spreading rumours, threatening, blackmailing, stealing friends, breaking secrets, gossiping and criticising clothes and personalities.
Indirect covert bullying mostly inflicts harm by damaging another's social reputation, peer relationships and self-esteem, that is, through psychological harm rather than physical harm.
In some cases, the victim and the perpetrator live close to each other, often as neighbours.
The intensity and frequency of incidents, combined with the proximity of victim and perpetrator, not only makes harassment and intimidation extremely distressing, it also makes it difficult for recipients of this kind of abuse from taking a stand and speaking out against the behaviour.
There are a number of things that you can do to limit these types of calls, ranging from contacting your telephone service provider to changing your number.