After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Luxembourg was disputed between Prussia and the Netherlands.
The history of Luxembourg is considered to begin in 963, when count Siegfried I acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications known as Lucilinburhuc, ′little castle′, and the surrounding area from the Imperial Abbey of St. In 1308, Henry VII, Count of Luxembourg became King of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor.
The House of Luxembourg produced four Holy Roman Emperors at the high time of the Middle Ages.
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The Fortress of Luxembourg was manned by Prussian troops for the German Confederation.