The legislation to legalize cannabis for recreational use (Cannabis Act, Bill C-45) was passed by the House of Commons of Canada in late November 2017; it passed a second reading in the Senate of Canada on March 22, 2018.
The final vote by that body was scheduled for June 7, 2018.
In Canada as of early 2018, cannabis – often referred to as marihuana or marijuana – is legal only for medicinal purposes and only under conditions outlined in the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR).
Justin Trudeau, the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada committed to legalizing cannabis for personal use while campaigning during the Canadian federal election, 2015.
"The prohibition of cannabis has historically been seen as arbitrary and has not yet been implemented in an intelligent and effective manner,” the head of BDK, André Schulz, told Bild newspaper in February.