Publishers and media owners tend to dictate editorial policy based on political and economic affiliations, which, together with the employment insecurity journalists face, nurtures a culture of self-censorship.
The internet is a relatively unimportant source of information, since access is limited by a weak telecommunications infrastructure outside major urban areas.
Albania has 66 private television stations, at least 45 private radio stations, and roughly 200 print publications in circulation.
Many independent media outlets are hampered by a lack of revenue.
Although the parliament failed to act on draft amendments introduced in 2005, Prime Minister Sali Berisha in October of that year ordered government officials to use the right of reply rather than civil or criminal defamation suits to address perceived bias or inaccuracy in the media. The prospects for legal reform improved in June, when Albania signed a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the European Union.